Even for nondiabetic women maintaining glycemic control during pregrancy may be challenging. Due to hormonal changes, pregnancy increases insulin resistance and therefore the secretion of insulin. Especially obese women, who have developed insulin resistance before gestation, are in high risk of diabetes. As a result 7 percent of nondibetic women may develop gestational diabetes and require treatment during pregnancy. In addition glycemic control is necessary in order to avoid diabetes type 2 after pregnancy and for the children during adulthood.
Health risks during pregnancy.
Uncontrolled diabetes may lead to increased rate of: